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2-Dimensional systolic architecture for H.264/AVC variable block size motion estimation
Published in IEEE
Pages: 41 - 44
Video coding is used for lot of multimedia purposes like video conferencing, digital storage media, Internet streaming and television broadcasting. This paper presents a new design for the implementation of Full-Search (FS) Variable Block Size (VBS) Motion Estimation (ME), which is a key issue of different video compression standards such as MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4 Visual, H.261, H.263 and H.264. The FS algorithm is widely used for implementation of ME in video compression algorithms. This design is fully parametric in terms of block size, which is variable, and the Sum of Absolute Differences (SAD) is presented by re-using the outputs. The design features high efficiency in terms of operating frequency and reduction in hardware complexity. These architectures are designed using Verilog Hardware Description Language (HDL) and the functionalities are verified using ModelSim Simulator. For two different designs, namely 1-D and 2-D systolic architectures are analyzed in terms of frequency, gate count, total power. The design is synthesized using CADENCE RTL compiler with TSMC 90nm standard cell library. The operating frequency of 1-D design is 323.20 MHz and 2-D design is 166.67 MHz and the gate count for 1-D is around 5k and for 2-D is around 21k gates and these designs can treat up to 41 Motion Vectors. © 2014 IEEE.
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JournalData powered by TypesetInternational Conference on Circuits, Communication, Control and Computing
PublisherData powered by TypesetIEEE
Open Access0