Breast cancer has become the most common cancer diagnosed in women. This paper reviews key literature on breast cancer covering various aspects including breast cancer and self-examination, awareness level of breast cancer among women, psychological stress of breast cancer patients, causes of breast cancer and preventive measures for breast cancer. This paper sheds light to urban and young women that self-screening is one of the important yardsticks to prevent late diagnosis of breast cancer and after-math of breast cancer treatment. © 2015, Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research. All rights reserved.