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A Multistage Heterogeneous Stacking Ensemble Model for Augmented Infant Cry Classification

Vinayak Ravi Joshi, , Venkatesan Rajinikanth, Chuan-Yu Chang
Published in Frontiers Media S.A
Volume: 19
Issue: 819865

Understanding the reason for an infant's cry is the most difficult thing for parents. There might be various reasons behind the baby's cry. It may be due to hunger, pain, sleep, or diaper-related problems. The key concept behind identifying the reason behind the infant's cry is mainly based on the varying patterns of the crying audio. The audio file comprises many features, which are highly important in classifying the results. It is important to convert the audio signals into the required spectrograms. In this article, we are trying to find efficient solutions to the problem of predicting the reason behind an infant's cry. In this article, we have used the Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients algorithm to generate the spectrograms and analyzed the varying feature vectors. We then came up with two approaches to obtain the experimental results. In the first approach, we used the Convolution Neural network (CNN) variants like VGG16 and YOLOv4 to classify the infant cry signals. In the second approach, a multistage heterogeneous stacking ensemble model was used for infant cry classification. Its major advantage was the inclusion of various advanced boosting algorithms at various levels. The proposed multistage heterogeneous stacking ensemble model had the edge over the other neural network models, especially in terms of overall performance and computing power. Finally, after many comparisons, the proposed model revealed the virtuoso performance and a mean classification accuracy of up to 93.7%.

About the journal
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
PublisherFrontiers Media S.A
Open AccessYes