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Alkali Metal Ion Partitioning with Calix[4]arene-benzo-crown-6 Ionophore in Acidic Medium: Insights from Experiments, Statistical Mechanical Framework, and Molecular Dynamics Simulations
, A. Malviya, T. Banerjee, P. Ghosh, S.M. Ali
Published in American Chemical Society
PMID: 29384674
Volume: 122
Issue: 7
Pages: 2102 - 2112
The current work reports the experimental and predicted interfacial behavior of metal ion extraction from aqueous phase-diluent system using a newly synthesized calix-benzo-crown-6 (CBCBGA) ionophore. Conductor-like screening model for real solvents was used to predict the selectivity at infinite dilution for the metal ion complexes in both aqueous and diluent phases. The selectivity for Cs+-CBCBGA extraction was found to be higher than that of other metal ions, namely, K+, Na+, and Rb+. This was confirmed by the experimental distribution coefficients obtained in the diluents system at 3 M HNO3 along with 0.01 M CBCBGA/organic solvents. The high selectivity of Cs+-CBCBGA complex over other complexes (K+, Rb+, and Na+) in nitrobenzene was also confirmed and validated by the highest occupied molecular orbital-lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy gap (i.e., 0.13114 > 0.12411 > 0.11719 > 0.11561 eV) and interaction energy (i.e., -68.25 > -57.11 > -55.52 > -52.37 kcal/mol). The interaction and free energies of the extraction were found to increase with the dielectric constant of the organic solvents, namely, nitrobenzene > o-nitrophenyl hexyl ether > 1-octanol > chloroform. Overall, a higher selectivity of Cs+ ion over that of other metal ions (K+, Na+, and Rb+) was obtained for the newly synthesized CBCBGA ionophore in a radioactive waste solution. © 2018 American Chemical Society.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Physical Chemistry B
PublisherData powered by TypesetAmerican Chemical Society