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Amide-Functionalized Naphthyridines on a RhII-RhII Platform: Effect of Steric Crowding, Hemilability, and Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions on the Structural Diversity and Catalytic Activity of Dirhodium(II) Complexes
M. Sarkar, P. Daw, , J.K. Bera
Published in Wiley-VCH Verlag
Volume: 20
Issue: 50
Pages: 16537 - 16549
Ferrocene-amide-functionalized 1,8-naphthyridine (NP) based ligands {[(5,7-dimethyl-1,8-naphthyridin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl}ferrocene (L1H) and {[(3-phenyl-1,8-naphthyridin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl}ferrocene (L2H) have been synthesized. Room-temperature treatment of both the ligands with Rh2(CH3COO)4 produced [Rh2(CH3COO)3(L1)] (1) and [Rh2(CH3COO)3(L2)] (2) as neutral complexes in which the ligands were deprotonated and bound in a tridentate fashion. The steric effect of the ortho-methyl group in L1H and the inertness of the bridging carboxylate groups prevented the incorporation of the second ligand on the {RhII-RhII} unit. The use of the more labile Rh2(CF3COO)4 salt with L1H produced a cis bis-adduct [Rh2(CF3COO)4(L1H)2] (3), whereas L2H resulted in a trans bis-adduct [Rh2(CF3COO)3(L2)(L2H)] (4). Ligand L1H exhibits chelate binding in 3 and L2H forms a bridge-chelate mode in 4. Hydrogen-bonding interactions between the amide hydrogen and carboxylate oxygen atoms play an important role in the formation of these complexes. In the absence of this hydrogen-bonding interaction, both ligands bind axially as evident from the X-ray structure of [Rh2(CH3COO)2(CH3CN)4(L2H)2](BF4)2 (6). However, the axial ligands reorganize at reflux into a bridge-chelate coordination mode and produce [Rh2(CH3COO)2(CH3CN)2(L1H)](BF4)2 (5) and [Rh2(CH3COO)2(L2H)2](BF4)2 (7). Judicious selection of the dirhodium(II) precursors, choice of ligand, and adaptation of the correct reaction conditions affords 7, which features hemilabile amide side arms that occupy sites trans to the Rh-Rh bond. Consequently, this compound exhibits higher catalytic activity for carbene insertion to the C-H bond of substituted indoles by using appropriate diazo compounds, whereas other compounds are far less reactive. Thus, this work demonstrates the utility of steric crowding, hemilability, and hydrogen-bonding functionalities to govern the structure and catalytic efficacyof dirhodium(II,II) compounds. © 2014 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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JournalData powered by TypesetChemistry - A European Journal
PublisherData powered by TypesetWiley-VCH Verlag