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An industrial perspective fermentative bioreduction of aromatic ketones by Penicillium rubens VIT SS1 and Penicillium citrinum VIT SS2
S. Jothi,
Published in Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Microbial mediated, especially the fungi mediated asymmetric reduction of the ketone is one of the most promising tools for the synthesis of chiral alcohols. Many fungal cultures were isolated from soil and screened for the stereo selective bioreduction of acetophenone. The potential isolates are characterised using molecular techniques and found to be Penicillium rubens VIT SS1 (Genbank ID: MK063869) and Penicillium citrinum VIT SS2 (Genbank ID: MW960208). Both the isolates were tested for the bioreduction of few aromatic ketones such as 4-fluoro acetophenone, 3-hydroxy acetophenone, and oxcarbazepine, which are the key chiral intermediates of various pharmaceutical drugs. The P. rubens VIT SS1 produced (S)-alcohol obeying Prelog’s rule, and P. citrinum was anti-Prelog configuration in nature. Preparatory scale reactions were conducted using the optimised bioreduction process, and the keto loading was significantly increased by 12-fold (from 0.5 to 6 g/L) with >99% conversion and >98% enantiomeric excess. The study discloses the vast prospective approach of exploring filamentous fungi for sustainable synthesis of chiral alcohols in an environment-friendly, novel, and cost competent way. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetBiocatalysis and Biotransformation
PublisherData powered by TypesetTaylor and Francis Ltd.