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An integrative analysis to distinguish between emphysema (EML) and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency-related emphysema (ADL)—A systems biology approach
S. Udhaya Kumar, N. Madhana Priya, D. Thirumal Kumar, V. Anu Preethi, V. Kumar, D. Nagarajan, R. Magesh, S. Younes, H. Zayed,
Published in Academic Press Inc.
Lung Emphysema is an abnormal enlargement of the air sacs followed by the destruction of alveolar walls without any prominent fibrosis. This study primarily identifies the differentially expressed genes (DEGs), interactions between them, and their significant involvement in the activated signaling cascades. The dataset with ID GSE1122 (five normal lung tissue samples, five of usual emphysema, and five of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency-related emphysema) from the gene expression omnibus (GEO) was analyzed using the GEO2R tool. The physical association between the DEGs were mapped using the STRING tool and was visualized in the Cytoscape software. The enriched functional processes were identified with the ClueGO plugin's help from Cytoscape. Further integrative functional annotation was performed by implying the GeneGo Metacore™ to distinguish the enriched pathway maps, process networks, and GO processes. The results from this analysis revealed the critical signaling cascades that have been either activated or inhibited due to identified DEGs. We found the activated pathways such as immune response IL-1 signaling pathway, positive regulation of smooth muscle migration, BMP signaling pathway, positive regulation of leukocyte migration, NIK/NF-kappB signaling, and cytochrome-c oxidase activity. Finally, we mapped four crucial genes (CCL5, ALK, TAC1, CD74, and HLA-DOA) by comparing the functional annotations that could be significantly influential in emphysema molecular pathogenesis. Our study provides insights into the pathogenesis of emphysema and helps in developing potential drug targets against emphysema. © 2021 Elsevier Inc.
About the journal
JournalAdvances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.