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Anoxic ammonia removal using granulated nanoscale oxyhydroxides of Fe (GNOF) in a SBR
Desireddy S, , Maliyekkal S.M.
Published in Elsevier BV
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Pages: 4273 - 4281
Microbial mediated anoxic ammonia removal in the presence of granulated nanoscale oxyhydroxides of Fe (GNOF) was investigated in a SBR, as a novel alternative to conventional nitrification and denitrification. Activated sludge flocs collected from a SBR treating sewage was used as seed biomass to develop the process. After confirming the feasibility of anoxic ammonia removal, SBR operations were carried out for 267 days in 9 phases by varying the initial NH4 +-N concentrations from 100 to 500 mg/L and cycle time from 2 to 0.5 day. Effective anoxic ammonia removal was achieved in 0.5 day cycle time with the removal rates of NH4 +-N and TN as 130 mg/L/d and 115 mg/L/d, respectively. Batch studies showed that the optimum COD/NH4 +-N ratio for effective NH4 +-N removal was less than or equal to 2. The kinetics of NH4 +-N removal, confirmation studies for GNOF coupled nitrification-denitrification and Fe redox cycling involved in the process were also performed and discussed. The developed process is economical as there is no need for aeration and alkalinity. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open AccessNo