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Anticancer Effects of Novel Tetrahydro-Dimethyl-Xanthene-Diones
Manikandan Alagumuthu, Sivakumar Arumugam, S. Nigam Poonam,
Published in Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Volume: 20
Issue: 7
Pages: 909 - 916

Background: The derivatives of xanthene are known to have promising anticancer properties, in comparison to xanthene itself.

Objective: The object of our study was to develop few xanthene derivatives (a family of fifteen novel 3,4,6,7- tetrahydro-3,3-dimethyl-9-phenyl-2H-xanthene-1,8(5H, 9H)-diones encoded as 4a-4m), which were effectively prepared through regioselective synthesis approach, and to test their anticancer effects.

Methods: A series of cell lines were used in this study, first to assess the cytotoxicity and then the drug efficacy of target compounds, consecutively. Prior to MTT assay, the compounds were analysed for their antioxidant properties, since oxidative stress is an important factor in the development of many cancer types. The anticancer properties of 4a-m have been assessed over in silico (molecular docking and ADMET assessments) and in vitro (MTT assay) methods.

Results: Compounds 4h and 4i showed a relative percentage anticancer activity of 86.25±1.25 & 89.74±1.64 against BT474 (ER+HER2+), and 90.56±1.18 & 93.24±1.80 against MCF-7 (ER-HER2), respectively.

About the journal
JournalAnti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
PublisherBentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Open AccessNo