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APX-Hardness and Approximation for the k-Burning Number Problem
D. Mondal, N. Parthiban, V. Kavitha,
Published in Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Volume: 12635 LNCS
Pages: 272 - 283
Consider an information diffusion process on a graph G that starts with k> 0 burnt vertices, and at each subsequent step, burns the neighbors of the currently burnt vertices, as well as k other unburnt vertices. The k-burning number of G is the minimum number of steps bk(G) such that all the vertices can be burned within bk(G) steps. Note that the last step may have smaller than k unburnt vertices available, where all of them are burned. The 1-burning number coincides with the well-known burning number problem, which was proposed to model the spread of social contagion. The generalization to k-burning number allows us to examine different worst-case contagion scenarios by varying the spread factor k. In this paper we prove that computing k-burning number is APX-hard, for any fixed constant k. We then give an O((n+ m) log n) -time 3-approximation algorithm for computing k-burning number, for any k≥ 1, where n and m are the number of vertices and edges, respectively. Finally, we show that even if the burning sources are given as an input, computing a burning sequence itself is an NP-hard problem. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.