Header menu link for other important links
Bio-electrocatalytic remediation of hydrocarbons contaminated soil with integrated natural attenuation and chemical oxidant
K. Chandrasekhar, , S. Venkata Mohan
Published in Elsevier Ltd
PMID: 33975233
Volume: 280
The present study aimed to assess the possibility of integrating natural attenuation (NA) and chemical oxidation (O) with the bio-electrocatalytic remediation (BET) process to remediate petroleum hydrocarbons contaminated soil. Six different reactors were operated, wherein in the first reactor was a NA system, and the second condition to the NA was supplemented with a chemical oxidant (NAO). These systems were compared with BET systems which were differentiated based on the position and distance between the electrodes. The study was performed by considering NA as a common condition in all the six different reactors viz., NA, NAO, NA + BET with 0.5 cm space amid electrodes (BETH-0.5), NAO + BET with 0.5 cm space amid electrodes (BETOH-0.5), NAO + BET with 1.0 cm space amid electrodes (BETOH-1.0), and NAO + BET with vertical electrodes at 1.0 cm distance (BETOV-1.0). The highest total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) degradation efficiency was observed with BETOH-0.5 (67 ± 0.8%) followed by BETOH-1.0 (62 ± 0.6%), BETH-0.5 (60%), BETOV-1.0 (56 ± 0.5%), NAO (46.6%), and NA (27.7%). In NA, the indigenous microorganisms remediate the organic contaminants. In the NAO system, KMnO4 actively breakdown the carbon-carbon double bond functional group. Further, in BETOH-0.5, an anodophilic bacteria enriched around the electrode reported enhanced treatment efficiency along with a maximum of 260 mV (1.65 mA). BET systems integrated with chemical oxidation processes were much more effective in the TPH removal process than an individual process. The BET method adopted here thus provides a good opportunity for bio-electrocatalytic remediation of TPH and resource recovery in the form of bioelectricity. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetChemosphere
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd