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Conformational insights into the inhibitory mechanism of phyto-compounds against Src kinase family members implicated in psoriasis
Sundarrajan S., Nandakumar M.P., Prabhu D., Jeyaraman J.,
Published in Taylor and Francis Ltd.
PMID: 30963942
Volume: 38
Issue: 5
Pages: 1398 - 1414
Psoriasis is a chronic immune mediated disorder of the skin. There is growing evidence that the Src family tyrosine kinases (SFK) are highly upregulated in psoriasis. The SFK are the key components of the signaling pathways triggering cell growth and differentiation in addition to the immune cascades. In the current work, the interactions between SFK and selective phyto-compounds were studied using molecular docking approach. Based on the results of docking and binding energy calculations quercetin was identified as potential lead compound. To get a deeper insight into the binding of quercetin with the SFK, a combined molecular dynamics and binding free energy calculations were performed. The binding of quercetin disrupted the intra-molecular contacts making the SFK compact except Src kinase. The MM/PBSA free energy decomposition analysis highlighted the significance of hydrophobic and polar residues which are involved in the binding of quercetin. An experimental validation was carried out against the activated forms of Fyn, Lyn and Src kinases, the top three proteins which showed high preference for quercetin. The flow cytometry analysis showed that the expression levels of Fyn, Lyn and Src kinases were dramatically increased in HaCaT cells. However, the treatment of quercetin at the concentration of 51.65 µM for 24 h markedly decreased their expression in HaCaT cells. Besides, similar results were also observed when the HaCaT cells were treated with the kinase inhibitor Ponitinib (1.43 µM) for 24 h. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
PublisherData powered by TypesetTaylor and Francis Ltd.
Open AccessNo