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Deep learning approach to detect seizure using reconstructed phase space images
, A.N. Khan, A. Shahina
Published in Nanjing Medical University and Chungbuk National University Press
Volume: 34
Issue: 3
Pages: 240 - 250
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the function of the brain in people of all ages. It manifests in the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal which records the electrical activity of the brain. Various image processing, signal processing, and machine-learning based techniques are employed to analyze epilepsy, using spatial and temporal features. The nervous system that generates the EEG signal is considered nonlinear and the EEG signals exhibit chaotic behavior. In order to capture these nonlinear dynamics, we use reconstructed phase space (RPS) representation of the signal. Earlier studies have primarily addressed seizure detection as a binary classification (normal vs. ictal) problem and rarely as a ternary class (normal vs. interictal vs. ictal) problem. We employ transfer learning on a pre-trained deep neural network model and retrain it using RPS images of the EEG signal. The classification accuracy of the model for the binary classes is (98.5±1.5)% and (95±2)% for the ternary classes. The performance of the convolution neural network (CNN) model is better than the other existing statistical approach for all performance indicators such as accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. The result of the proposed approach shows the prospect of employing RPS images with CNN for predicting epileptic seizures. © 2020 by the Journal of Biomedical Research.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Biomedical Research
PublisherNanjing Medical University and Chungbuk National University Press