The VP28 gene of white spot syndrome virus was amplified by PCR using gene specific primer set and cloned into pRSET B vector to produce recombinant VP28 (r-VP28) in E. coli GJ1158. The chitosan tripolyphosphate nanoparticles (CS/TPP) were prepared by ionic gelation process and characterized. The purified r-VP28 protein was encapsulated by CS/TPP nanoparticles. The encapsulation efficiency of CS/TPP nanoparticles was found to be 84.8% for r-VP28 protein binding with CS/TPP nanoparticles. The in vitro release profile of encapsulated r-VP28 was determined after treating with protease and chitosanase. The different types of feed were formulated and named as normal feed with PBS, Feed A coated with crude r-VP28, Feed B with purified r-VP28 and Feed C with CS/TPP encapsulated r-VP28 (Purified). Tissue distribution and clearance of r-VP28 at different time intervals were examined in shrimp fed with different types of feed by ELISA and the results showed the presence of r-VP28 protein in different organs. Various immunological parameters were assessed in experimental shrimp. The mRNA expression of five immune-related genes was analysed by qPCR in order to investigate their response to all types of feed in shrimp. A cumulative percentage mortality was also recorded in treated shrimp challenged with WSSV.