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Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel azaspiro analogs of linezolid as antibacterial and antitubercular agents
Gadekar P.K, Roychowdhury A, Kharkar P.S, Khedkar V.M, Arkile M, Manek H, Sarkar D, Sharma R, ,
Published in Elsevier BV
2016
PMID: 27423637
Volume: 122
   
Pages: 475 - 487
Abstract
The design, synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of a novel series of azaspiro analogues of linezolid (1) have been described. Linezolid comprises of a morpholine ring which is known for its metabolism-related liabilities. Therefore, the key modification made in the linezolid structure was the replacement of morpholine moiety with its bioisostere, 2-oxa-6-azaspiro[3.3]heptane. Furthermore, the replacement of N-acetyl terminal of 1 with various aromatic or aliphatic functionalities was carried out. The title compounds were evaluated against a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Subsequent structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies identified several compounds with mixed antibacterial and antitubercular profiles. Compound 22 (IC500.72, 0.51, 0.88, 0.49 μg/mL for Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, respectively) exhibited similar antibacterial profile as 1. The N-acetyl derivative 18 was similar to 1 in antitubercular profile. Thus, the present study successfully demonstrated the use of azaspiro substructure in the medicinal chemistry of antibacterial and antitubercular agents. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
ISSN0223-5234
Open AccessNo