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Effect of grinding on subsurface modifications of pre-sintered zirconia under different cooling and lubrication conditions
, N. Arunachalam, L. Vijayaraghavan
Published in Elsevier Ltd
PMID: 29986287
Volume: 86
Pages: 122 - 130
Pre-sintered zirconia is preferred as a restoration material in dental applications due to its excellent strength and fracture toughness. When abrasive processes were used to obtain the required shape of (Y-TZP) yttria-stabilized tetragonal pre-sintered zirconia, it resulted in material strength degradation in the presence of coolant. Therefore, experiments were carried out on pre-sintered zirconia with diamond grinding wheel to evaluate the performance of cooling conditions such as dry, wet and minimum quantity lubrication (MQL). The effects of different environments on the grinding performance were studied based on the temperature distribution, phase transformation, flexural strength, microhardness and edge chipping damage. The Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis were used to estimate the quantity of monoclinic phase in pre-sintered zirconia. The temperature rise of the workpiece material during the grinding experiment was not higher and insufficient to cause the thermal stresses. The microstructural changes induced by grinding under different cooling strategies were associated with the quantitative assessment of monoclinic phase. The flexural strength of ground components was improved in the dry condition compared to the other process due to the absence of the defective layer and the occurrence of Y 3+ ions segregation. After grinding, there was a slight decrease in the hardness value by (1–8 HV), which was due to the formation of microcracks in the subsurface layer of the ground surface. In addition, to ensure the presence of microcracks, the edge chipping depth was measured. The damage depth obtained from the wet condition showed a higher value of 30 µm compared to the dry and MQL conditions. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd