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Electrochemical conversion of oxide spinels into high-entropy alloy
, D. Sri Maha Vishnu, C. Schwandt
Published in Elsevier Ltd
Volume: 776
Pages: 133 - 141
Single-phase equiatomic CoCrFeNi high-entropy alloy has been synthesised by direct electrochemical reduction from oxide precursors according to the concept of the FFC-Cambridge process. Metal oxide mixtures were heat treated in air to provide a blend of spinels, which was then employed as the cathode in the electro-deoxidation process. Melts of eutectic CaCl2-NaCl and pure CaCl2 were used as the electrolytes. Varying the experimental conditions in terms of processing temperature and time yielded CoCrFeNi alloys of diverse morphologies, ranging from fine dispersed powders to solid three-dimensional objects, as they are of relevance for additive manufacturing and near-net-shape fabrication. Notably, all solid alloy samples exhibited a higher hardness than calculated by the rule of mixture, despite the presence of significant residual porosity. The results highlight the versatility of the FFC-Cambridge process for alloy preparation and suggest the possibility of economically viable large-scale manufacture of steel-type high-entropy alloys. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Alloys and Compounds
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Ltd