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Embarrassingly Parallel GPU Based Matrix Inversion Algorithm for Big Climate Data Assimilation
Published in IGI Global
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Pages: 71 - 92
Attempts to harness the big climate data that come from high-resolution model output and advanced sensors to provide more accurate and rapidly-updated weather prediction, call for innovations in the existing data assimilation systems. Matrix inversion is a key operation in a majority of data assimilation techniques. Hence, this article presents out-of-core CUDA implementation of an iterative method of matrix inversion. The results show significant speed up for even square matrices of size 1024 X 1024 and more, without sacrificing the accuracy of the results. In a similar test environment, the comparison of this approach with a direct method such as the Gauss-Jordan approach, modified to process large matrices that cannot be processed directly within a single kernel call shows that the former is twice as efficient as the latter. This acceleration is attributed to the division-free design and the embarrassingly parallel nature of every sub-task of the algorithm. The parallel algorithm has been designed to be highly scalable when implemented with multiple GPUs for handling large matrices.
About the journal
JournalInternational Journal of Grid and High Performance Computing
PublisherIGI Global
Open AccessYes