This study is all about the natural environment and its influence on various human activities and their wellbeing. The deterioration and depletion of natural resources for the human use have created environmental problems viz, population stabilization, integrated land use planning, conservation of biological diversity, control of water and air pollution, global warming, ozone depletion, deforestation, development of non-polluting renewable energy systems and recycling of wastes and residues. The recent global burden of disease estimates shows that in India alone, more than 6, 27, 000 people die prematurely and 18 million healthy life years are lost every year due to ill health associated especially with the tiny particles. Nearly 75-80% of water pollution by volume is from domestic sewage, while untreated sewage flowing into water bodies including rivers have almost doubled in recent years. The present study is directed towards study the silk weavers' problems linking to water, air pollution and soil conservation. The major objectives of the study are to understand the demographic profile and silk related factors of the respondents from the study area and to know about their environmental awareness and responsibilities among silk weavers in the study area. The researcher has used the descriptive study design along with a structured questionnaire for collecting data. All those collected data were tabulated and subjected with needed analysis like: Frequency distribution, percentage analysis, mean score with rank correlation and one way ANOVA. The findings of the study show that there is significant relationship between education and experience with environmental awareness and responsibility among silk weavers in Arni. Copyright @ EM International. © 2017 EM International. All rights reserved.