Abstract: Advancement in proteome analytical techniques and the development of protein databases have been helping to understand the physiology and subtle molecular mechanisms behind biofilm formation in bacteria. This review is to highlight how the evolving proteomic approaches have revealed fundamental molecular processes underlying the formation and regulation of bacterial biofilms. Based on the survey of research reports available on differential expression of proteins in biofilms of bacterial from wide range of environments, four important cellular processes viz. metabolism, motility, transport and stress response that contribute to formation of bacterial biofilms are discussed. This review might answer how proteins related to these cellular processes contribute significantly in stabilizing biofilms of different bacteria in diverse environmental conditions. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. © 2018, Springer Nature B.V.