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Ethylene regulates sulfur acquisition by regulating the expression of sulfate transporter genes in oilseed rape
Al Murad M., Razi K., , Lee J.H., Kim T.H.,
Published in Blackwell Publishing Ltd
PMID: 32588442
Volume: 171
Issue: 4
Pages: 533 - 545
To manage nutrient deficiencies, plants develop both morphological and physiological responses. The studies on the regulation of these responses are limited; however, certain hormones and signaling components have been largely implicated. Several studies depicted ethylene as a regulator of the response of some nutrient deficiencies like iron, phosphorous and potassium. The present study focused on the response of sulfur in the presence and absence of ethylene. The experiments were performed in hydroponic nutrient media, using oilseed rape grown with or without sulfur deficiency and ethylene treatments for 10 days. The ACC oxidase and ACC synthase were observed significantly reduced in sulfur-deficient plants treated with ethylene compared to control. The biomass and photosynthetic parameters, including the expression of multicomplex thylakoidal proteins showed a significant increase in sulfur deficient plants supplemented with ethylene. The enzymes related to sulfur regulation such as sulfate adenyltransferase, glutamine synthetase and O-acetylserine (thiol)lyase also showed similar results as shown by the morphological data. The relative expression of the sulfur transporter genes BnSultr1, 1, BnSultr1, 2, BnSultr4,1, BnSultr 4,2, ATP sulfurylase and OASTL increased in sulfur-deficient plants, whereas their expression decreased when ethylene was given to the plants. Fe and S nutritional correlations are already known; therefore, Fe-transporters like IRT1 and FRO1 were also evaluated, and similar results as for the sulfur transporter genes were observed. The overall results indicated that ethylene regulates sulfur acquisition by regulating the expression of sulfur transporter genes in oilseed rape (Brassica napus). © 2020 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society
About the journal
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Open AccessNo