In almost all contemporary power systems, the battery is an elementary component, and it is routinely used in a variety of critical applications such as drones, avionics, and cell phones. Due to their superior characteristics compared to the concurrent technologies, Li-ion batteries are widely utilized. Since batteries are costly, their usage is closely monitored by battery management systems (BMSs). It ensures that batteries survive and serve longer. Modern BMSs’ are complex and sophisticated and can deal with hundreds of cells in a battery pack. It results in an increased processing resources requirement and can cause an overhead power consumption. The aim of this work is to improve current BMSs by redesigning their associative processing chain. It focuses on improving data collection, processing and prediction processes for Li-ion battery cell capacities. To prevent the processing of a large amount of unnecessary data, the classical sensing approach that is fix-rate is avoided and replaced by event-driven sensing (EDS) mechanism to digitize battery cell parameters such as voltages, currents, and temperatures in a way that allows for real-time data compressing. A new approach is proposed for event-driven feature extraction. The robust machine-learning algorithms are employed for processing the extracted features and to predict the capacity of considered battery cell. Results show a considerable compression gain with a correlation coefficient of 0.999 and the relative absolute error (RAE) and root relative squared error (RRSE) of 1.88% and 2.08%, respectively.
|Journal||SN Computer Science|