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Fabrication of precise micro-holes on quartz substrates with improved aspect ratio using a constant velocity-feed drilling technique of an ECDM process
Published in IOP Publishing
Volume: 28
Issue: 12
In the present study, a detailed experimental investigation is carried out on a constant velocity-feed drilling technique of an electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) process to fabricate micro-holes on quartz substrates. First, cylindrical micro-tools of four different diameters (145 μm, 195 μm, 300 μm and 400 μm) with varying tool feed rates (TFRs) (0.3 μm s-1-1.9 μm s-1) are considered to study their influence on the precision of fabricated micro-holes while using a 30 wt% NaOH solution as an electrolyte, a machining voltage of 30 V and an initial working gap of 5 μm. Minimum micro-hole diameter and overcut were achieved at a TFR 0.8 μm s-1 for the cylindrical tools of all diameters. Considering 0.8 μm s-1 as an optimal TFR, the influence of tool shape on the quality metrics was investigated using a spherical shaped tool electrode having a ball diameter of 145 μm and a spindle diameter of 90 μm. A micro-hole realized using the spherical shaped tool shows that the entrance diameter, entrance overcut, central diameter and central overcut are reduced by 12%, 29%, 28% and 67% respectively as compared to that realized using a cylindrical tool for the same process parameters. Micro-holes with improved precision and aspect ratio are achieved without using cost intensive equipments, feedback mechanisms, coated tools and tool rotation. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
PublisherData powered by TypesetIOP Publishing
Open AccessNo