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Functional behavior of bio-electrochemical treatment system with increasing azo dye concentrations: Synergistic interactions of biocatalyst and electrode assembly
S. Sreelatha, , A. Naresh Kumar, S. Venkata Mohan
Published in Elsevier Ltd
PMID: 27067459
Volume: 213
Pages: 11 - 20
Treatment of dye bearing wastewater through biological machinery is particularly challenging due to its recalcitrant and inhibitory nature. In this study, functional behavior and treatment efficiency of bio-electrochemical treatment (BET) system was evaluated with increasing azo dye concentrations (100, 200, 300 and 500 mg dye/l). Maximum dye removal was observed at 300 mg dye/l (75%) followed by 200 mg dye/l (65%), 100 mg dye/l (62%) and 500 mg dye/l (58%). Concurrent increment in dye load resulted in enhanced azo reductase and dehydrogenase activities respectively (300 mg dye/l: 39.6 U; 4.96 μg/ml). Derivatives of cyclic voltammograms also supported the involvement of various membrane bound redox shuttlers, viz., cytochrome-c, cytochrome-bc1 and flavoproteins during the electron transfer. Bacterial respiration during BET operation utilized various electron acceptors such as electrodes and dye intermediates with simultaneous bioelectricity generation. This study illustrates the synergistic interaction of biocatalyst with electrode assembly for efficient treatment of azo dye wastewater. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
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