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Hybrid grey wolf sunflower optimisation algorithm for energy-efficient cluster head selection in wireless sensor networks for lifetime enhancement
L. Nagarajan,
Published in John Wiley and Sons Inc
Volume: 15
Issue: 3
Pages: 384 - 396
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are expected to find extensive applicability and accelerating deployment in the future. However, the main challenge faced in WSN is its perishing lifetime. The process of clustering a network is a popular mechanism employed for the purpose of extending the lifespan of WSNs and thereby making efficient data transmission. The main aim of a clustering algorithm is to elect an optimal cluster head (CH). The recent research trend suggests meta-heuristic algorithms for the selection of optimal CHs. Meta-heuristic algorithms possess the advantages of being simple, flexible, derivation-free, and avoids local optima. This research proposes a novel hybrid grey wolf optimiser-based sunflower optimisation (HGWSFO) algorithm for optimal CH selection (CHS) under certain factor constraints such as energy spent and separation distance, such that the network lifetime is enhanced. Sunflower optimisation (SFO) is employed for a broader search (exploration) where the variation of the step-size parameter brings the plant closer to the sun in search of global refinement, thus increasing the exploration efficiency. Grey wolf optimisation (GWO) is employed for a narrow search (exploitation), where the parameter coefficient vectors are deliberately required to emphasise exploitation. This balances the exploration-exploitation trade-off, prolongs the network lifetime, increases the energy efficiency, and enhances the performance of the network with respect to overall throughput, residual energy of nodes, dead nodes, alive nodes, network survivability index, and convergence rate. The superior characteristic of the suggested HGWSFO is validated by comparing its performance with various other existing CHS algorithms. The overall performance of the proposed HGWSFO is 28.58%, 31.53%, 48.8%, 49.67%, 54.95%, 70.76%, and 87.10%, better than that of GWO, SFO, particle swarm optimisation (PSO), improved PSO, low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH), LEACH-centralised, and direct transmission, respectively. © 2020 The Authors. IET Communications published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Institution of Engineering and Technology
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JournalData powered by TypesetIET Communications
PublisherData powered by TypesetJohn Wiley and Sons Inc