Processing of images plays a very important role in communication systems. So this paper describes the edge detection algorithm in image processing. The main aim behind this is to process the image and extract accurate edge line to reduce the size acquired by the original image. The image is converted in black and white color to reduce the memory that it will acquire. The image of 512 - 512 pixels is converted into text file using MATLAB and is given as input to verilog code to perform the edge detection operation. © 2015 IEEE.