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In silico structure evaluation of BAG3 and elucidating its association with bacterial infections through protein–protein and host-pathogen interaction analysis
S. Basu, A. Naha, B. Veeraraghavan, ,
Published in John Wiley and Sons Inc
BAG3, a co-chaperone protein with a Bcl-2-associated athanogene (BAG) domain, has diverse functionalities in protein-folding, apoptosis, inflammation, and cell cycle regulatory cross-talks. It has been well characterised in cardiac diseases, cancers, and viral pathogenesis. The multiple roles of BAG3 are attributed to its functional regions like BAG, Tryptophan-rich (WW), isoleucine-proline-valine-rich (IPV), and proline-rich (PXXP) domains. However, to study its structural impact on various functions, the experimental 3D structure of BAG3 protein was not available. Hence, the structure was predicted through in silico modelling and validated through computational tools and molecular dynamics simulation studies. To the best of our knowledge, the role of BAG3 in bacterial infections is not explicitly reported. We attempted to study them through an in-silico protein–protein interaction network and host-pathogen interaction analysis. From structure-function relationships, it was identified that the WW and PXXP domains were associated with cellular cytoskeleton rearrangement and adhesion-mediated response, which might be involved in BAG3-related intracellular bacterial proliferation. From functional enrichment analysis, Gene Ontology terms and topological matrices, 18 host proteins and 29 pathogen proteins were identified in the BAG3 interactome pertaining to Legionellosis, Tuberculosis, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, and Pertussis through differential phosphorylation events associated with serine metabolism. Furthermore, it was evident that direct (MAPK8, MAPK14) and associated (MAPK1, HSPD1, NFKBIA, TLR2, RHOA) interactors of BAG3 could be considered as therapeutic markers to curb down intracellular bacterial propagation in humans. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
PublisherData powered by TypesetJohn Wiley and Sons Inc