A novel method of organogenesis in neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) from unfertilized ovaries is described. The Murashige and Skoog's (MS) medium with 9 % sucrose, 1 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 5 μM 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) was the best for callus induction from unfertilized ovaries. However, further proliferation of callus occurred better on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 μM 2,4-D either alone or in combination with 4.5 μM kinetin. Maximum shoot regeneration (78 %) was observed when calli, induced from ovaries of 4 mm size flower buds and proliferating on MS + 0.5 μM 2,4-D, were subcultured to MS medium containing 5 μM BAP. Histological analysis revealed that 4 mm sized flower bud corresponds to a 2-nucleate stage of embryo sac. The shoots were then multiplied by forced axillary branching on MS medium supplemented with 1.0 μM BAP and 250 mg dm-3 casein hydrolysate. The shoots could be rooted on 1/4 strength MS medium supplemented with 0.5 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) at a frequency of 79 %. Cytological analysis by root tip squash preparations revealed that all the plantlets were diploids. These plants were subsequently hardened and established in soil with transplantation rate of 81.8 %. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.