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Information entropy based event detection during disaster in cyber-social networks
, C. Valliyammai
Published in IOS Press
Volume: 36
Issue: 5
Pages: 3981 - 3992
The demand for Cyber Social Networks has increasingly become the main source of information propagation due to the rapid growth of micro-blogging activity between socially connected people. The process of detecting disaster events, in huge volumes, on fast-streaming platform is quite challenging. In this paper, an information entropy based event detection framework is proposed to identify the event and its location by clustering relatively high-density ratio of tweets using Twitter data. The Shannon entropy of target users, location, time intervals and hashtags are estimated to quantify the dissemination of events as "how-far about" in real-world using entropy maximization inference model. The geo-Tagged (spatial) tweets are extracted for a specified time period (temporal) to identify the location of an event as "where-when about"; and visualizes the event in geo-maps. The evaluation parameters of Entropy, Cluster Score, Event Detection Hit and False Panic Rate during four major disaster events are identified to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed framework. The retweeting activity of the Twitter user is classified as human signatures and bots. The experimental outcome determines the scope and significant dissemination direction of finding events from a new perspective which demonstrates 96% of improved event detection accuracy. © 2019 - IOS Press and the authors.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems
PublisherIOS Press