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Integrating Sentiment Analysis on Hybrid Collaborative Filtering Method in a Big Data Environment
P. Shanmuga Sundari,
Published in World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd
Volume: 19
Issue: 2
Pages: 385 - 412
Most of the traditional recommendation systems are based on user ratings. Here, users provide the ratings towards the product after use or experiencing it. Accordingly, the user item transactional database is constructed for recommendation. The rating based collaborative filtering method is well known method for recommendation system. This system leads to data sparsity problem as the user is unaware of other similar items. Web cataloguing service such as tags plays a significant role to analyse the user's perception towards a particular product. Some system use tags as additional resource to reduce the data sparsity issue. But these systems require lot of specific details related to the tags. Existing system either focuses on ratings or tags based recommendation to enhance the accuracy. So these systems suffer from data sparsity and efficiency problem that leads to ineffective recommendations accuracy. To address the above said issues, this paper proposed hybrid recommendation system (Iter-ALS Iterative Alternate Least Square) to enhance the recommendation accuracy by integrating rating and emotion tags. The rating score reveals overall perception of the item and emotion tags reflects user's feelings. In the absence of emotional tags, scores found in rating is assumed as positive or negative emotional tag score. Lexicon based semantic analysis on emotion tags value is adopted to represent the exclusive value of tag. Unified value is represented into Iter-ALS model to reduce the sparsity problem. In addition, this method handles opinion bias between ratings and tags. Experiments were tested and verified using a benchmark project of MovieLens dataset. Initially this model was tested with different sparsity levels varied between 0%-100 percent and the results obtained from the experiments shows the proposed method outperforms with baseline methods. Further tests were conducted to authenticate how it handles opinion bias by users before recommending the item. The proposed method is more capable to be adopted in many real world applications. © 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company.
About the journal
JournalInternational Journal of Information Technology and Decision Making
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd