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Isolation, characterization, and efficacy of bacteriophages isolated against Citrobacter spp. an in vivo approach in a zebrafish model (Danio rerio)
M. Madurantakam Royam,
Published in Elsevier Masson s.r.l.
PMID: 32919052
Volume: 171
Issue: 8
Pages: 341 - 350
Citrobacter infections are becoming an increasingly significant health problem in aquaculture in South-Eastern countries. The objective of this study was to isolate and evaluate the potential of lytic bacteriophages against Citrobacter infections. TEM analysis revealed that the isolated phages Citrophage MRM19 and Citrophage MRM57 were identified to be Siphovirus and Podovirus family of the order Caudovirales. The phage life-cycle studies showed that Citrophage MRM19 had an adsorption time of 18 ± 1 min and a latency period of 25 ± 3 min with burst size of 110 ± 20 phages/infected cell and Citrophage MRM57 had an adsorption time of 15 ± 1 min and a latency period of 25 ± 2 min with burst size of 50 ± 5 phages/infected cell. In vitro studies indicated that the bacterial load was reduced by 5 and 7 log units within 12 h by Citrophage MRM19 and Citrophage MRM57. The in vivo efficacy of the phages was studied using zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model organism in low-scale tanks. The study unveiled that the use of phages increased the survival up to 17%, 23%, and 26% in the case of Citrophage MRM19, Citrophage MRM57, and phage cocktail treatment, respectively. Our study indicated that bacteriophages are suitable biocontrol agents against Citrobacter spp. especially in aquaculture industry. © 2020 Institut Pasteur
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetResearch in Microbiology
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier Masson s.r.l.