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Multi-Objective Optimal Scheduling of a Microgrid Using Oppositional Gradient-Based Grey Wolf Optimizer

, Karthik Nagarajan, Oscar Danilo Montoya, Seshathiri Dhanasekaran, Inayathullah Abdul Kareem, Angalaeswari Sendraya Perumal, Natrayan Lakshmaiya, Prabhu Paramasivam
Published in MDPI
Volume: 15
Issue: 23
Pages: 1 - 24

Optimal energy management has become a challenging task to accomplish in today’s advanced energy systems. If energy is managed in the most optimal manner, tremendous societal benefits can be achieved such as improved economy and less environmental pollution. It is possible to operate the microgrids under grid-connected, as well as isolated modes. The authors presented a new optimization algorithm, i.e., Oppositional Gradient-based Grey Wolf Optimizer (OGGWO) in the current study to elucidate the optimal operation in microgrids that is loaded with sustainable, as well as unsustainable energy sources. With the integration of non-Renewable Energy Sources (RES) with microgrids, environmental pollution is reduced. The current study proposes this hybrid algorithm to avoid stagnation and achieve premature convergence. Having been strategized as a bi-objective optimization problem, the ultimate aim of this model’s optimal operation is to cut the costs incurred upon operations and reduce the emission of pollutants in a 24-h scheduling period. In the current study, the authors considered a Micro Turbine (MT) followed by a Wind Turbine (WT), a battery unit and a Fuel Cell (FC) as storage devices. The microgrid was assumed under the grid-connected mode. The authors validated the proposed algorithm upon three different scenarios to establish the former’s efficiency and efficacy. In addition to these, the optimization results attained from the proposed technique were also compared with that of the results from techniques implemented earlier. According to the outcomes, it can be inferred that the presented OGGWO approach outperformed other methods in terms of cost mitigation and pollution reduction

About the journal
JournalEnergies-B(Electrical Engineering)
Open AccessYes