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Numerical study of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) boundary layer slip flow of a Maxwell nanofluid over an exponentially stretching surface with convective boundary condition
Published in Elsevier BV
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Pages: 259 - 268
This paper focuses on a theoretical analysis of a steady two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer flow of a Maxwell fluid over an exponentially stretching surface in the presence of velocity slip and convective boundary condition. This model is used for a nanofluid, which incorporates the effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis. The resulting non-linear partial differential equations of the governing flow field are converted into a system of coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations by using suitable similarity transformations, and the resultant equations are then solved numerically by using Runge-Kutta fourth order method along with shooting technique. A parametric study is conducted to illustrate the behavior of the velocity, temperature and concentration. The influence of significant parameters on velocity, temperature, concentration, skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number has been studied and numerical results are presented graphically and in tabular form. The reported numerical results are compared with previously published works on various special cases and are found to be an in excellent agreement. It is found that momentum boundary layer thickness decreases with the increase of magnetic parameter. It can also be found that the thermal boundary layer thickness increases with Brownian motion and thermophoresis parameters. © 2017 National Laboratory for Aeronautics and Astronautics
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetPropulsion and Power Research
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open AccessYes