Hantavirus infections are now recognized to be a global problem. The hantaviruses include several genotypic variants of the virus with different distributions in varying geographical regions. The virus genotypes seem to segregate in association with certain manifestations specific for each syndrome. They primarily include HFRS, HCPS, febrile illness with or without mild involvement of renal diseases. In the course of our study on hantavirus etiology of febrile illnesses, we recovered a hantavirus strain identified by nPCR. This has been sequenced to be Hantaan-like virus (partial S segment). The current manuscript is focused on understanding the N protein coded by S segment in terms of variation of amino acid sequences of the virus genotypes associated with HFRS. The diagnosis of this infection is achieved by PCR testing of serum/plasma or demonstration of IgM/IgG in serum. The limitations of PCR are temporal often not positive after 7 days of onset of infection. IgM detection is possible around this period and up to 21 days. IgG detection is less definitive in acute infections. Here, we report characterization of the sequence diversity of HFRS strains, 3D structure of Hantaan N protein, and B-cell epitopes on this molecule. We predicted a 20 amino acid sequence length peptide by using BepiPred online server in IEDB analysis resource program. We suggest this peptide may be used for development of geographic region-specific immunoassays like EIAs for antibody detection, monoclonal antibody development, and immunoblots (line immunoassay). J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 1182–1188, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.