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Preparation, characterization and catalytic properties of nickel aluminate nanoparticles: A comparison between conventional and microwave method
Ragupathi C, Vijaya J.J,
Published in Elsevier BV
Volume: 21
Pages: S231 - S239
In the present work, synthesis of nickel aluminate using Opuntia dilenii haw as plant extract by a microwave combustion method (MCM) and its comparison with the conventional combustion method (CCM) is investigated. O. dilenii haw plant extract simplifies the process, provides an alternative process for a simple and an economical synthesis. The absence of surfactant has led to a simple, cheap and fast method of synthesis of NiAl2O4 nanoparticles. The as-synthesized NiAl2O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) studies, high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), diffuses reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) surface area analysis. The XRD results confirmed the formation of the cubic phase NiAl2O4. The formation of pure nickel aluminate phase was confirmed by FT-IR. The formation of NiAl2O4 nanoparticles was confirmed by HR-SEM and HR-TEM and their possible formation mechanisms were also proposed. MCM could produce NiAl2O4 with uniform size and well-defined shape with crystallinity. The optical property was determined by DRS. NiAl2O4 prepared by the microwave combustion method was found to possess a higher surface area, lower crystallite size than the NiAl2O4 nanoparticles prepared by the conventional combustion method, which in turn has led to the improved performance toward the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde. © 2014 King Saud University
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open AccessYes