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Probabilistic unsupervised machine learning approach for a similar image recommender system for E-commerce
S.K. Addagarla,
Published in MDPI AG
Volume: 12
Issue: 11
Pages: 1 - 17
The recommender system is the most profound research area for e-commerce product recommendations. Currently, many e-commerce platforms use a text-based product search, which has limitations to fetch the most similar products. An image-based similarity search for recommendations had considerable gains in popularity for many areas, especially for the e-commerce platforms giving a better visual search experience by the users. In our research work, we proposed a machine-learning-based approach for a similar image-based recommender system. We applied a dimensionality reduction technique using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) through Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) for transforming the extracted features into lower-dimensional space. Further, we applied the K-Means++ clustering approach for the possible cluster identification for a similar group of products. Later, we computed the Manhattan distance measure for the input image to the target clusters set for fetching the top-N similar products with low distance measure. We compared our approach with five different unsupervised clustering algorithms, namely Minibatch, K-Mediod, Agglomerative, Brich, and the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), and used the 40,000 fashion product image dataset from the Kaggle web platform for the product recommendation process. We computed various cluster performance metrics on K-means++ and achieved a Silhouette Coefficient (SC) of 0.1414, a Calinski-Harabasz (CH) index score of 669.4, and a Davies–Bouldin (DB) index score of 1.8538. Finally, our proposed PCA-SVD transformed K-mean++ approach showed superior performance compared to the other five clustering approaches for similar image product recommendations. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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PublisherMDPI AG