The Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India, is a Grade-I heritage structure. The reinforced concrete cantilever sunshades in this building are at a height of about 20 m above ground and span about two-kilometer along the perimeter of the building. In the late 1990s, some sunshades experienced corrosion and were repaired using polymer modified cementitious mortar. However, these repaired sunshades and others are now exhibiting severe corrosion and concrete spalling- posing a serious falling hazard for visitors and inhabitants. This paper presents a systematic evaluation of the concrete used in the sunshades and the assessment of corrosion and structural conditions of the sunshades. Concrete was found to be made of non-hydraulic lime and carbonated - indicating high probability of corrosion. Hence, about 200 sunshade locations from various parts of the building were visually and non-destructively assessed and distress-maps were developed. For this, an instrumented hammer was used on 15 test points per sunshade panel area (of about 1 × 2Â m size). Based on the impulse waveform patterns, estimated strengths and visible damage, the panels were classified into distress levels of negligible, moderate and severe. About 58 to 86% of the sunshades were found to be severely damaged. Also, service level load test was conducted (upto a load of 75Â kN) at a representative location, to assess the effect of corrosion on the load-deflection behaviour of the cantilever. The possible repair strategy and challenges associated with adopting conventional methods, are discussed in the paper. © 2019, RILEM.