”Panchayats or Village Councils are as old as India‘s history and have been a part of the tradition. Mahatma Gandhi said: In the true democracy of India, the unit is the village. Even if one village wants Panchayat Raj, which is called a republic in English, no one can stop it. True democracy cannot be worked out by the men sitting at the centre. It has to be worked out from below by the men and women of every village”. A rural development schemes has been divided four categories 1. Program for self and wage employment, 2. Rural infrastructure & basic minimum needs, 3. Natural resource management and 4. Social security. This paper is an attempt to analysis the specific central government scheme comes under program for self and wage employment namely ”Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme” (MGNREGS). The ultimate aim of the scheme is to eradicate the rural poverty, unemployment and reduced migration. The main purpose of the research paper is to investigate the rural development schemes in India special reference to impact of MGNREGS in Vellore District in Tamil Nadu. From the findings of the research, it is found that MGNREGS has increased employment opportunities especially for rural women in Vellore district comparing to other schemes launched by the government of India and also women who are working under MGNREGA have less satisfaction on their work and earnings and low level of awareness in this scheme. © 2020 IJSTR.