The nonlinear characteristics of solar PV consist of different MPPs under the partial shading condition. Hence, it is difficult to find out true MPP. The conventional MPPT methods are not giving an accurate position of MPP. In this work, two global metaheuristic optimization techniques are simulated and the comparative analysis is carried out in terms of tracking speed, steady-state oscillations, algorithm complexity, periodic tuning, and dynamic response. Those are the Cuckoo Search Optimization (CSO) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) MPPT methods used to extract the maximum power of solar PV under partial shading condition. The Matlab/Simulink is used to evaluate performance results of CSA and PSO MPPT techniques. © 2020, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.