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Sodium louroyl sarcosinate (sarkosyl) modulate amyloid fibril formation in hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) at alkaline pH: a molecular insight study
Khan J.M, Khan M.S, Alsenaidy M.A, Ahmed A, Oves M, Al-Shabib N.A, Khan R.H.,
Published in Informa UK Limited
PMID: 28490248
Volume: 36
Issue: 6
Pages: 1550 - 1565

Amyloid fibril formation is responsible for several neurodegenerative diseases and are formed when native proteins misfold and stick together with different interactive forces. In the present study, we have determined the mode of interaction of the anionic surfactant sarkosyl with hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) [EC No.] at two pHs (9.0 and 13.0) and investigated its impact on fibrillogenesis. Our data suggested that sarkosyl is promoting amyloid fibril formation in HEWL at the concentration range between 0.9 and 3.0 mM and no amyloid fibril formation was observed in the concentration range of 3.0–20.0 mM at pH 9.0. The results were confirmed by several biophysical and computational techniques, such as turbidity measurement, dynamic light scattering, Raleigh scattering, ThT fluorescence, intrinsic fluorescence, far-UV CD and atomic force microscopy. Sarkosyl was unable to induce aggregation in HEWL at pH 13.0 as confirmed by turbidity and RLS measurements. HEWL forms larger amyloid fibrils in the presence of 1.6 mM of sarkosyl. The spectroscopic, microscopic and molecular docking data suggest that the negatively charged carboxylate group and 12-carbon hydrophobic tail of sarkosyl stimulate amyloid fibril formation in HEWL via electrostatic and hydrophobic interaction. This study leads to new insight into the process of suppression of fibrillogenesis in HEWL which can be prevented by designing ligands that can retard the electrostatic and hydrophobic interaction between sarkosyl and HEWL. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

About the journal
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Open Access0