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Sphingolipid transfer proteins defined by the GLTP-fold

Malinina L, Simanshu D.K, Zhai X, Samygina V.R, , Kenoth R, Ochoa-Lizarralde B, Malakhova M.L, Molotkovsky J.G, Patel D.JShow More
Published in Cambridge University Press (CUP)
2015
PMID: 25797198
Volume: 48
   
Issue: 3
Pages: 281 - 322
Abstract
AbstractGlycolipid transfer proteins (GLTPs) originally were identified as small (~24 kDa), soluble, amphitropic proteins that specifically accelerate the intermembrane transfer of glycolipids. GLTPs and related homologs now are known to adopt a unique, helically dominated, two-layer ‘sandwich’ architecture defined as the GLTP-fold that provides the structural underpinning for the eukaryotic GLTP superfamily. Recent advances now provide exquisite insights into structural features responsible for lipid headgroup selectivity as well as the adaptability of the hydrophobic compartment for accommodating hydrocarbon chains of differing length and unsaturation. A new understanding of the structural versatility and evolutionary premium placed on the GLTP motif has emerged. Human GLTP-motifs have evolved to function not only as glucosylceramide binding/transferring domains for phosphoinositol 4-phosphate adaptor protein-2 during glycosphingolipid biosynthesis but also as selective binding/transfer proteins for ceramide-1-phosphate. The latter, known as ceramide-1-phosphate transfer protein, recently has been shown to form GLTP-fold while critically regulating Group-IV cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 activity and pro-inflammatory eicosanoid production.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetQuarterly Reviews of Biophysics
PublisherData powered by TypesetCambridge University Press (CUP)
ISSN0033-5835
Open AccessYes