Header menu link for other important links
Statistical and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation approach to investigate the role of intrinsically disordered regions of shikimate dehydrogenase in microorganisms surviving at different temperatures
D. Kamalesh, A. Nair, J. Sreeshma, P.S. Arundhathi,
Published in Springer Japan
PMID: 32975630
Volume: 24
Issue: 6
Pages: 831 - 842
Hyperthermophiles, a subset of prokaryotes that thrive in adverse temperatures, potentially utilize the protein molecular biosystem for maintaining thermostability in a wide range of temperatures. Recent studies revealed that these organisms have smaller proportions of intrinsically disordered proteins. In this study, we performed sequence and structural analysis to investigate the maintenance of protein conformation and their stability at different temperatures. The sequence analysis reveals the higher proportion of charged amino acids are responsible for preventing the helix formation and, hence, become disordered regions. For structural analysis, we chose shikimate dehydrogenase from four species, namely Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli, Thermus thermophilus, and Methanopyrus kandleri, and evaluated the protein adaptation at 283 K, 300 K, and 395 K temperatures. From this investigation, we found more residues of shikimate dehydrogenase prefer an order-to-disorder transition at 395 K only for hyperthermophilic species. The solvent-accessible surface area (SASA) and hydrogen-bond analysis revealed that the tertiary conformation and the number of hydrogen bonds for hyperthermophilic shikimate dehydrogenase are highly preserved at 395 K, compared to 300 K. Our simulation results conjointly provide shikimate dehydrogenase of hyperthermophile which resists high temperatures through stronger protein tertiary conformations. © 2020, Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature.
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetExtremophiles
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Japan