Corrosion inhibition behavior of orange peel waste extracts in 1 M hydrochloric acid medium on mild steel surface was studied using weight loss studies, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), potentiodynamic polarization and surface phenomena using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. Better inhibition efficiency for orange extracts was achieved by weight loss measurements. The maximum inhibition efficiency of 99.19% was achieved for 0.25% of waste extract at room temperature. EIS analysis revealed that increase in concentration of orange peel extract (OPE) increases the charge transfer resistance with the continuous decrease in capacitance which confirms the development of dense protective layer on the metal surface at the electrolyte interface. Both the electrochemical investigation such as potentiodynamic polarization and impedance analysis confirmed the improved inhibitory efficiency of OPE by following Langmuir isotherm model. SEM analysis confirms that the corrosion inhibition of OPEs was proceeded by forming an organic protective layer over the mild steel surface by means of the adsorption process by physical contact. These results confirm that the ethanolic extract of orange waste can be used as a potential corrosion inhibitor in industrial applications. (Image Presented). © 2018 The Author(s).