The aim of the study was to identify the interactions between insect repellent compounds and target olfactory proteins. Four compounds, camphor (C10H16O), carvacrol (C10H14O), oleic acid (C18H34O2) and firmotox (C22H28O5) were chosen as ligands. Seven olfactory proteins of insects with PDB IDs: 3K1E, 1QWV, 1TUJ, 1OOF, 2ERB, 3R1O and OBP1 were chosen for docking analysis. Patch dock was used and pymol for visualizing the structures. The interactions of these ligands with few odorant binding proteins showed binding energies. The ligand camphor had showed a binding energy of -136 kcal/mol with OBP1 protein. The ligand carvacrol interacted with 1QWV and 1TUJ proteins with a least binding energy of -117.45 kcal/mol and -21.78 kcal/mol respectively. The ligand oleic acid interacted with 1OOF, 2ERB, 3R1O and OBP1 with least binding energies. Ligand firmotox interacted with OBP1 and showed least binding energies. Three ligands (camphor, oleic acid and firmotox) had one, two, three interactions with a single protein OBP1 of Nilaparvatha lugens (Rice pest). From this in silico study we identified the interaction patterns for insect repellent compounds with the target insect odarant proteins. The results of our study revealed that the chosen ligands showed hydrogen bond interactions with the target olfactory receptor proteins. © 2013 International Association of Scientists in the Interdisciplinary Areas and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.