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Study on the effect of exhaust gas-based fuel preheating device on ethanol–diesel blends operation in a compression ignition engine
, , Varatharajan V, Anand V,
Published in Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Volume: 19
Issue: 10
Pages: 2379 - 2392
Rapid depletion of fossil fuels and stringent emission regulations compel the scientific community to search for alternative energy sources for the internal combustion engines. Among many alternative biofuels, ethanol is getting worldwide attention for compression ignition engine either in the form of partial substitute or complete replacement for diesel fuel. Ethanol fuel has certain undesirable properties like poor flammability limit which results in cold starting issues and higher hydrocarbon emission which restricts their use in compression ignition engine. This issue can be easily overcome by preheating of ethanol fuel before it gets admitted inside the engine cylinder. In the present study, a standard preheating device is designed and fabricated in accordance with engine specifications and simulations were carried out under various operating conditions to evaluate its performance. Furthermore, experimental investigations were carried out in a compression ignition engine fueled with ethanol blends of 20 and 30% with diesel by volume and the fuel blends were preheated using burned exhaust gases. In addition, a comparative study has been carried out for preheated and non-preheated blends of E20 (20% of ethanol and 80% of diesel) and E30 with baseline diesel. The experimental results show that the preheated E20 (20% of ethanol and 80% of diesel) blend has higher brake thermal efficiency of 36.28% with a significant reduction in brake specific fuel consumption when compared with all the other blends. Moreover, the preheated E20 blend reduces the carbon monoxide, unburned hydrocarbon and smoke emissions by 49, 48 and 10%, respectively. However, the NOx emission is increased by 6% as compared to the non-preheating effect. It is also noted that the preheating of ethanol blends produced better combustion results with a significant reduction in the ignition delay period. Hence, it can be concluded that the ethanol fuel can be effectively used in a diesel engine by means of preheating using exhaust gases and could be a viable option for diesel engine applications. © 2017, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany.
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JournalData powered by TypesetClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Open Access0