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Topological Structure Design and Fabrication of Biocompatible PLA/TPU/ADM Mesh with Appropriate Elasticity for Hernia Repair
Q. Hu, R. Zhang, H. Zhang, D. Yang, S. Liu, Z. Song, Y. Gu,
Published in John Wiley and Sons Inc
The meshes for hernia repair result in many problems that are related to complications including chronic pain and limited movement due to inadequate mechanical strength, non-absorbability, or low elasticity. In this study, degradable polylactic acid (PLA), synthetic thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) powders are combined to prepare a novel PLA/TPU/ADM mesh with three different topological structures (square, circular, and diamond) by 3D printing. The physicochemical properties and structural characteristics of mesh are studied, the results show that the diamond structure mesh with the pore size of 3 mm has sufficient elasticity and tensile strength, which provides the efficient mechanical strength required for hernia repair (16 N cm−1) and the value more than polypropylene(PP) mesh. Besides, in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate human umbilical vein endothelial cells could successfully proliferate on the PLA/TPU/ADM mesh whose biocompatibility with the host is shown using a rat model of abdominal wall defect. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrate that the PLA/TPU/ADM mesh may be considered a good choice for hernia repair as its potential to overcome the elastic and strength challenges associated with a highly flexible abdominal wall, as well as its good biocompatibility. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetMacromolecular Bioscience
PublisherData powered by TypesetJohn Wiley and Sons Inc