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Unveiling the stimulatory effects of tartrazine on human and bovine serum albumin fibrillogenesis: Spectroscopic and microscopic study
Al-Shabib N.A, Khan J.M, Alsenaidy M.A, Alsenaidy A.M, Khan M.S, Husain F.M, Khan M.R, Naseem M, Alam P, Khan R.H.Show More
Published in Elsevier BV
PMID: 29028503
Volume: 191
Pages: 116 - 124
Amyloid fibrils are playing key role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases. Generally anionic molecules are known to induce amyloid fibril in several proteins. In this work, we have studied the effect of anionic food additive dye i.e., tartrazine (TZ) on the amyloid fibril formation of human serum albumins (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) at pHs 7.4 and 3.5. We have employed various biophysical methods like, turbidity measurements, Rayleigh Light Scattering (RLS), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), intrinsic fluorescence, Congo red assay, far-UV CD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to decipher the mechanism of TZ-induce amyloid fibril formation in both the serum albumins at pHs 7.4 and 3.5. The obtained results suggest that both the albumins forms amyloid-like aggregates in the presence of 1.0 to 15.0 mM of TZ at pH 3.5, but no amyloid fibril were seen at pH 7.4. The possible cause of TZ-induced amyloid fibril formation is electrostatic and hydrophobic interaction because sulfate group of TZ may have interacted electrostatically with positively charged amino acids of the albumins at pH 3.5 and increased protein-protein and protein-TZ interactions leading to amyloid fibril formation. The TEM, RLS and DLS results are suggesting that BSA forms bigger size amyloids compared to HSA, may be due to high surface hydrophobicity of BSA. © 2017
About the journal
JournalData powered by TypesetSpectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
PublisherData powered by TypesetElsevier BV
Open Access0