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Encapsulation of epigallocatechin-3-gallate into albumin nanoparticles improves pharmacokinetic and bioavailability in rat model
Published in Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Volume: 9
Issue: 6
In the present study, we fabricated epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) loaded albumin nanoparticles (Alb-NP-EGCG) to enhance bioavailability and improve pharmacokinetic parameters of EGCG. The physicochemical properties of the Alb-NP-EGCG were studied using scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, powder X-ray diffraction and in vitro release studies. Characterization of Alb-NP-EGCG indicated the formation of spherical nanoparticles with no drug and excipient interaction. Alb-NP-EGCG showed a high drug loading capacity of 92%. Further, in vitro study showed a sustained release of EGCG from Alb-NP-EGCG over a period of 48 h. Mathematical modeling and release kinetics indicated that the Alb-NP-EGCG followed zero order kinetic and EGCG was released via fickian diffusion method. In vivo bioavailability and distribution of Alb-NP-EGCG showed an enhanced plasma concentration of EGCG with 1.5 fold increase along with prolonged T1/2 of 15.6 h in the system when compared with the free EGCG. All this study demonstrated the fabrication of EGCG loaded albumin nanoparticles which favored the slow and sustained release of EGCG with improved pharmacokinetics and bioavailability thereby prolonging the action of EGCG. Additional acute and sub-acute toxicity test of the Alb-NP-EGCG demonstrated the safety of the Alb-NP-EGCG. Therefore, the Alb-NP-EGCG could be a promising drug delivery system for EGCG. © 2019, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology.
About the journal
JournalData powered by Typeset3 Biotech
PublisherData powered by TypesetSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
Open AccessYes