In the current research, kinematic analysis of a humanoid NAO is attempted. Here, both Denavit-Hartenberg (DH) parameter approach and multibody formulation approach have been analyzed. In the DH parameter approach, the NAO robot is solved by separating it into five individual kinematic chains. In the multibody formulation approach, NAO is divided into 15 segments, and each segment is analyzed. Kinematic analysis holds a significant importance; as from the data obtained in the kinematic analysis, the robots can be designed for real-time path planning and navigation. The current analysis is a novel approach to analyze the NAO based on its kinematic constraints. © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press.