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KeySplitWatermark: Zero Watermarking Algorithm for Software Protection against Cyber-Attacks
C. Iwendi, Z. Jalil, A.R. Javed, , G. Srivastava, O. Jo,
Published in Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Volume: 8
Pages: 72650 - 72660
Cyber-attacks are evolving at a disturbing rate. Data breaches, ransomware attacks, crypto-jacking, malware and phishing attacks are now rampant. In this era of cyber warfare, the software industry is also growing with an increasing number of software being used in all domains of life. This evolution has added to the problems of software vendors and users where they have to prevent a wide range of attacks. Existing watermark detection solutions have a low detection rate in the software. In order to address this issue, this paper proposes a novel blind Zero code based Watermark detection approach named KeySplitWatermark, for the protection of software against cyber-attacks. The algorithm adds watermark logically into the code utilizing the inherent properties of code and gives a robust solution. The embedding algorithm uses keywords to make segments of the code to produce a key-dependent on the watermark. The extraction algorithms use this key to remove watermark and detect tampering. When tampering increases to a certain user-defined threshold, the original software code is restored making it resilient against attacks. KeySplitWatermark is evaluated on tampering attacks on three unique samples with two distinct watermarks. The outcomes show that the proposed approach reports promising results against cyber-attacks that are powerful and viable. We compared the performance of our proposal with state-of-the-art works using two different software codes. Our results depict that KeySplitWatermark correctly detects watermarks, resulting in up to 15.95 and 17.43 percent reduction in execution time on given code samples with no increase in program size and independent of watermark size. © 2013 IEEE.
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JournalData powered by TypesetIEEE Access
PublisherData powered by TypesetInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.